Costa Rica. Cannabis-related links

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News. - 2018 global events.2017.
See: More news. Archive. News sources. Facebook: Global Marijuana March [31][32][33]. Hashtags: [34][35][36]. Twitter: [37][38][39].

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


Trump approval hits new low (35%) in CNN poll. 32% in AP–NORC poll. Lowest in history for a first-year President. [211]. Bring back democracy: Remove Presidential veto power. And: Senate 60% rule.

Can't we all just get a bong.jpg

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Global Marijuana March animated.gif Share links: Costa Rica or costarica

It seems that recreational cannabis is defacto legal in Costa Rica:

Cities[edit]

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See cities by country on GMM map. See all cities (not just Global Marijuana March). See the yearly city and event lists for additional Facebook and other links.
Do a search for event graphics and photos on this wiki (add city name).
Google site search for cities in Costa Rica.
  • City pages on this wiki. Cities in Costa Rica (see above search too): San Jose.

Links[edit]

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Wikipedia: Cannabis by country.

Search for marijuana march videos. And more.

Find GMM graphics and other event graphics for any city.

*Please add more local or regional cannabis-related links.

Costa Rica info[edit]

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Search Wikipedia, Wikitravel, Wikivoyage. See help.


Global Marijuana March[edit]

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GMM (years signed up). This city, nation, or subnational area participated or signed up one year (or more) for the Global Marijuana March (GMM), Million Marijuana March (MMM), or 420. Cities and nations holding 4/20 events are also included in later years. 40 nations participated on May 6, 2017, or thereabouts. 40 nations participated on May 7, 2016, or thereabouts. 43 nations participated on May 2, 2015, or thereabouts. 212 cities from 42 nations signed up for May 3, 2014 or thereabouts. 225 cities from 42 nations signed up for May 4, 2013 or thereabouts. 890 different cities have participated from 80 different nations or subnational areas since 1999.

Global Marijuana March links.

GMM: photos, basic city lists, maps, detailed city lists, years, regions, nations, links, graphics. Google images: Crowds, flyers: Marcha da Maconha. And: Marche Mondiale du Cannabis. And: Marcha Mundial de la Marihuana. And: Global Marijuana March. Add city name to searches. See signup. And: Facebook hashtags: [212][213][214][215]. Twitter hashtags: [216][217][218][219][220]. Google Plus searches: [221][222][223]. Pinterest: [224][225].

GMM, MMM. First Saturday in May (or thereabouts). Cities and nations holding 4/20 events are also included in the maps and lists for later years. Yearly maps: 40 nations participated on May 6, 2017, or thereabouts. 40 nations participated on May 7, 2016, or thereabouts. 43 nations participated on May 2, 2015, or thereabouts. 212 cities from 42 nations signed up for May 3, 2014 or thereabouts. 225 cities from 42 nations signed up for May 4, 2013 or thereabouts. 177 cities from 34 nations signed up for May 5, 2012 or thereabouts. 274 cities for May 7, 2011. 328 cities for May 1, 2010. 270 for May 2, 2009. 240 for May 3, 2008. 230 for May 5, 2007. 203 for May 6, 2006. 184 for May 7, 2005. 165 for May 1, 2004. 235 for May 3, 2003. 199 for May 4, 2002. 119 for May 5, 2001. 104 for May 6, 2000. 31 for May 1, 1999.
Years signed up: Browse the basic GMM city lists by year: ~ 1999. 2000. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 2010. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. ~ Or search them. Add city name to search (nation, state, province is optional).

Global Million Marijuana March. GMM Facebook pages. GMM yearly city totals. Many GMM links. See also: 420 event lists. And: More cannabis-related links. And: Google News archives. And: GMM on Wikipedia. Google (add name of city to searches): [226] [227] [228] [229] [230] [231] [232] [233]. [234]. Google maps: city, state, nation. Photos, graphics, and image searches: Marijuana March: [235] [236] [237] [238] [239]. Marihuana March: [240] [241] [242] [243]. Marcha Marihuana (Spanish): [244] [245] [246] [247]. Marche Mondiale Cannabis (French): [248] [249] [250] [251]. Marche Mondiale Marijuana (French): [252] [253] [254] [255]. Marcha Maconha or Marcha Marijuana (Portuguese): [256] [257] [258] [259] [260] [261] [262] [263]. Google Advanced Image Search (find free images). Pinterest: [264][265][266][267]. GMM Blogs: [268]. Travel blogs with photos: [269]. Wikipedia: Legality of cannabis by country: Erowid.org. WeBeHigh.org - many cities worldwide. Old Yahoo Groups: [270] [271] [272]. Basic city lists by year. Marijuana polls. And: Wiki upload posters, flyers, and banners. See also Wikimedia upload.
890 different cities have participated from 80 different nations or subnational areas since 1999. Wikipedia: Cannabis by country.

Search for marijuana march videos. And more.

Find GMM graphics and other event graphics for any city.

Global Marijuana March and 4/20 signup.

See: 420 and Global Marijuana March (GMM) event lists by year.

Some Facebook links of native speakers of various languages below. More to come.
Some GMM and 4/20 organizers. Facebook pages, etc.. Native languages indicated. English: Dana Beal (USA). Narina Walls (in Mexico. From South Africa). Aron Kay[273] (USA). Max Stone (Australia). Imiël Khaya Visser (South Africa). Andre du Plessis (South Africa). Timeshifter (USA) - wiki, 2. talk, 2. German: Martin Aus Berlin (Germany). Steffen Geyer (Germany). French: Allu Marine (France). Farid Ghehioueche (France). Spanish: Paco Mascaraque (Spain). Norwegian: Piotr Gleichgewicht (Norway). Swedish: Michael K Bravin (Sweden). Danish: Klaus Trier Tuxen (Denmark).Czech: Robert Veverka [274] (Czech Republic). Italian: Giovanni Foresti (Italy). Filipino: Maria Noriza (Philippines). More to come: Portuguese. And...

See 2018 city list editors. The Global Marijuana March (GMM) is the first Saturday in May or thereabouts.

Hundreds of cities hold 420 and Global Marijuana March events yearly. See crowd photos.

See: GMM and 420 on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus:

Ask any of the local and regional GMM and 4/20 organizers for help about anything.

There are many GMM and 420 Facebook pages organizing cities and countries for GMM and 4/20. Search Facebook and Google+. Find more people, groups, and organizations via the GMM links box (many links in one place), and the GMM links page.

You can add links directly to the country, state, province, and city pages (no log-in required).

Share link: signup. Invite people to GMM and 420 events: Tag some of your friends in comments on relevant Facebook event messages and images.

Dove cannabis earth.jpgCures not wars.jpgHerbie.gif Global Marijuana March animated.gif

Cannabis is safer[edit]

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2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events

See: Reagan's war on cannabis. And: Holy War on Drugs, Republican-led mass incarceration.

Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.

See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2.jpg

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs.jpg
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [298][299][300].

Presidents alone can not reschedule it[edit]

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See main article: Presidents alone can not reschedule marijuana.

Neither the president nor the Attorney General can reschedule marijuana by themselves. [304] [305][306]. The two of them together also can not do so. See Wikipedia: Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act. See "Process" section.

Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so. But Congress removed help for veterans: Republicans in Congress Won’t Let Veterans Access Medical Marijuana After All. [307][308]. And Congressional Republican committee leaders refuse hearings on CARERS bill to reschedule cannabis. See: Medical Marijuana Advocates Rally to Loosen Restrictions. By Alicia Ault. 23 Mar 2016. Medscape.


USA. Republican-led war on cannabis[edit]

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See: Republican-led drug war. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.

The Cannabis War is over and the U.S. Republican Party has lost. They may not know it yet, so keep marching, lobbying, and voting! Please register and vote! See: Reagan's War on Cannabis. And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration.

Virginia Senate Republicans kill bill to decriminalize small amounts of marijuana. Jan. 29, 2018. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes a bill that would have allowed medical marijuana for opioid addiction. April 7, 2017. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes the 911 Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention Bill. April 7, 2017. And: Idaho's Republican governor vetoes a broadly-supported asset forfeiture reform bill. April 7, 2017.

Democrats, following Bernie Sanders lead, propose bill to raise minimum wage to $15 by 2024. Republicans oppose raising federal minimum wage. [309] [310].

U.S. Republican Party: Greed, Ground Wars, Drug Wars, and Mass Incarceration.


Drug war, mass incarceration, control[edit]

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America's mass incarceration.jpg
See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: US incarceration peaked in 2008. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate.
See articles: Cannabis prisoners and Drug war cost charts, infographics..
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.
Jail, jail deaths (2), jail healthcare, and bail. A Lot Of People Are Dying At This Understaffed Texas Jail. And: How the Money Bail System Perpetuates America’s Mass Incarceration Problem. 2.3. Dumbass Republican lock-em-up types can't do math. Jail costs a lot more than unpaid fines. Use community service instead, and save tax money on jail and janitorial work. And: Justice Department blasts ‘unconstitutional’ fixed bail schedules. Many innocent people in jail. And: Many marijuana users in jail without bail money. And: Senator Kamela Harris push for bail reform.
The mentally ill. Rundle Won't Charge Prison Guards Who Allegedly Boiled Schizophrenic Black Man to Death for 2 Hours in Shower. Death Ruled An Accident. Documents Show They Omitted Key Details. Florida inmate in for cocaine possession. 2345. Due to lack of single-payer universal healthcare the mentally ill end up incarcerated and untreated. Prison costs far more than caring for them to begin with. For their non-violent offenses three-quarters of Americans favor ‘rehabilitation’ over jail time, survey finds.

Poor health care in general in prisons and jails. Inmates Pay A Small Fortune To See A Doctor. 2.3.

Felon disenfranchisement & gerrymandering[edit]

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Federal judge: Florida’s felon voting restoration flawed. And: Floridians will vote this fall (2018) on restoring voting rights to 1.5 million felons. And: 27 percent of all the disfranchised felons in the U.S. live in Florida.

Republican-led big spending on drug war[edit]

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Trillion-dollar Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war. And: Its racist application. [312][313].

GOP-led spending on endless ground wars[edit]

Return to top. See: Wars and drug wars on demand.

"$5.6 trillion" for endless Mideast wars that started with Bush and CIA WMD lies about Iraq. [314][315]. Interstate Highway System cost $526 billion in 2016 dollars. And: Landing a human on the moon cost $206 billion in 2016 dollars. And: Military veterans defy Jeff Sessions, fight for medical marijuana to kick opioid addiction. Of all the veterans returning from the Middle East, about 60 percent experience chronic pain.

U.S. infrastructure badly needs this money[edit]

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U.S. household debt at all time high[edit]

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U.S. household debt at all time high. Chart below from page 3 of PDF.
2003 to 2017 (4th quarter). Total Household Debt by Type:

Click to enlarge. Timeline is by quarters.

Black upward-pointing line is student debt. Cumulative percent increase over time:

U.S. middle class wealth has collapsed[edit]

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Canadian middle class has surpassed USA[edit]




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Median wealth
per adult in
US dollars
Country 2017
Switzerland 229,059
Australia 195,417
Luxembourg 167,664
Belgium 161,589
New Zealand 147,593
Norway 130,543
Italy 124,636
Japan 123,724
France 119,720
Singapore 108,850
United Kingdom 102,641
Netherlands 94,373
Canada 91,058
Taiwan 87,257
Denmark 87,231
Ireland 84,592
Israel 78,244
Qatar 71,118
Malta 67,980
Korea 67,934
Spain 63,369
Finland 57,850
Austria 57,534
United States 55,876
Greece 54,665
Germany 47,091
Hong Kong 46,079
Sweden 45,235
Slovenia 42,195
Portugal 38,242
Kuwait 37,788
Hungary 30,111
Estonia 27,522
Seychelles 26,064
Libya 24,510
Czech Republic 23,083
Mauritius 23,035
Cyprus 20,902
Slovakia 20,717
Uruguay 20,376
Chile 20,141
United Arab Emirates 19,712
Croatia 18,058
Lithuania 17,931
Latvia 17,828
Montenegro 13,981
Costa Rica 13,370
Bulgaria 11,782
Saudi Arabia 11,555
Oman 10,461

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The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest. Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [316]. By David Leonhardt and Kevin Quealy. April 22, 2014. New York Times. Why? One reason is that Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

Many nations surpassed US middle class[edit]

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US middle-class wealth has collapsed. [317].
See chart to the right. Median wealth is exactly in the middle. 50% of adults have more, and 50% of adults have less. Wealth is all assets (money, stocks, property, etc.) minus all debts.

Tables - Credit Suisse. Scroll down to XLS links. Download the Complete Wealth per Adult Data by Country for 2016 and 2017 (XLS). This was used to create the table to the right. This is only part of the table. See also: Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files. Note that USA is number 24 in median wealth per adult in the table below. Canada is number 13.

USA. Richest 10% Own 84% of All Stocks[edit]

Return to top. See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality.

Republicans refuse to raise minimum wage[edit]

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Chart below is from a Washington Post article on Dec. 29, 2017:
"The U.S. has one of the stingiest minimum wage policies of any wealthy nation."

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?

Green love[edit]

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2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events

The Global Marijuana March is the first Saturday in May. The first Saturday in May is also World Naked Gardening Day. Your marijuana garden needs love too Face-smile.svg. (see Google search for it). But, be safe!

Republicans think they can spend an infinite amount of money (many trillions of dollars) on private-health-insurance-company-based healthcare, and have an infinite number of babies, to feed their appetite for endless ground wars, and for more inmates for more prisons for more drug war.
World population milestones 2.jpg
Wikipedia: Population milestone babies.
Green love.jpg
As with cannabis legalization Colorado led the way.. More info. 2.3..
Colorado birth control.jpg

Canada has universal healthcare[edit]

Canada has single payer healthcare[edit]

Canadian healthcare costs much less[edit]

Half the cost of Obama-Trumpcare[edit]

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See: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

USA could save $1.6 trillion YEARLY[edit]

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Canada has better health outcomes[edit]

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See health outcomes info: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare.

Canada has universal healthcare and longer lifespans, at half the cost of US healthcare.

Average per capita healthcare cost in above chart includes all costs public and private. Canadian Single Payer: Show health card, get health care paid for by taxes. No deductibles on basic Canadian health care, and co-pays are extremely low or non-existent. And: No bankruptcies and personal medical debt in single-payer countries.

Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [318]. Why? Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

US healthcare spending per person is more than double the average of other developed countries.

This massive wasteful healthcare spending in the USA (compared to other rich nations) accelerated in 1980 (see chart below). How? It happened because non-profit health insurance was taken over by for-profit health insurance companies. They get a cut of all wasteful healthcare spending. The more wasteful, the more profits. Such as exorbitant drug pricing, expensive medical devices, overuse of emergency rooms. It is similar to how for-profit prison companies have an incentive to fill more beds, rather than rehabilitate prisoners.

Non-profit health insurance, and single payer healthcare, do not have these perverse incentives. So they tend to use more early preventive care that requires far fewer expensive drugs, devices, and visits to the emergency room and urgent care. Healthcare, like roads, should be publicly financed, and privately built. Private health insurance, like private toll road companies, are a kind of middleman mafia that skims profits, and shuffles papers, but don't actually do any real work.

Chart below shows the percentage of the GDP (national economy) spent on all healthcare costs (public and private) by year for some countries. Note that around 1980 US healthcare costs skyrocketed compared to other rich countries (all of which have universal healthcare, unlike the USA).

Sources: [20] [21].
Universal health coverage around the world.png

Source for above chart: Are any conservatives in the US for a single payer and a universal health care system, or can they not coexist? Chart is from comment around March 11, 2017 by Dan Munro, "author of Casino Healthcare, and Forbes contributor".

Each 10 million US uninsured equals[edit]

10,000 more deaths yearly. Also:[edit]

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Bernie Sanders' projection of 'thousands' of deaths from lost health coverage is well-supported. By Louis Jacobson. June 27, 2017. Politifact. See article sidebar for many sources. [319][320][321][322][323].

10,000 die waiting for disability yearly[edit]

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With Single-Payer Universal Healthcare people get healthcare no matter how much they work or not. And it doesn't matter if they lose their job, or change employers. People don't have to show they are totally disabled to get adequate healthcare. People can try to work now and then as much as their disability allows them, and not lose their healthcare. And they get drug treatment on demand if their pill use gets out of hand.

Portugal has universal healthcare[edit]

Portugal decriminalized all drugs[edit]

Portugal has drug treatment for all[edit]

Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3.4.5. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.

In Portugal few die of overdoses[edit]

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See: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

Portugal has decriminalized all drugs. Like Canada it has universal healthcare. See: Portugal. Cannabis-related links. See: Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal and Wikipedia: Health in Portugal. Nearly all of the European Union (EU) has universal healthcare. [324][325]. See: List of countries with universal health care.

Portugal decriminalised drugs 14 years ago – and now hardly anyone dies from overdosing. 2015 article by Chris Ingraham. Chart below is from the article. As is the quote below:

"The country has 3 overdose deaths per million citizens, compared to the EU average of 17.3."

Portugal drug deaths.jpg

In 2014 the USA had 147 overdose deaths per million people. [326] [327] [328] [329]

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015. Deaths per 100,000. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million people. Source.

In 2016 the USA had 185 overdose deaths per million people. <~~ See chart in article, and a similar chart below.

Sources: [22][23] "Goulao says 90 per cent of public money spent fighting drugs in Portugal is channeled toward those health-care goals — just 10 per cent is spent on police enforcement." [24][25][26][27].
Map colors and rates. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million population.
Yearly number of overdose deaths by drug. Sources: [28][29][30].

US charts:

Ibogaine cure:

Remove Republicans in 2018 vote[edit]

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See also: Republican-led Drug War. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration. And: Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war. And: Reagan's war on cannabis.And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.

When Active-Duty Service Members Struggle To Feed Their Families. April 19, 2017. NPR.

Chart below is from a Washington Post article on Dec. 29, 2017:
"The U.S. has one of the stingiest minimum wage policies of any wealthy nation."

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?


Trump approval rating hits new low (35%) in CNN poll. 32% in Associated Press–NORC poll. Lowest in history for a first-year President. Dec. 19, 2017 article.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.
Republican tax bill hurts the poor more than originally thought, Congressional Budget Office finds. "By 2019, Americans earning less than $30,000 a year would be worse off under the Senate bill, CBO found. By 2021, Americans earning $40,000 or less would be net losers, and by 2027, most people earning less than $75,000 a year would be worse off. On the flip side, millionaires and those earning $100,000 to $500,000 would be big beneficiaries".
2 polls: Only 29% of Americans approve of Republican tax plan. 2.


Chart below from: A Tax Plan to Turbocharge Inequality, in 3 Charts. Dec. 17, 2017. New York Times.

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?


A or F? How Congress scores on marijuana. 2. By Danielle Keane, NORML political director. 2016. "Of the 233 Democrats in Congress, 208 members (89.3 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher. Of the 302 Republicans in Congress, 102 members (33.8 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher." For your state see: Congressional Scorecard. NORML. Grading was based upon members' voting records.


Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3.4.5. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.


Independents greatly outnumber Democrats or Republicans in the USA. If anti-cannabis Republicans are to be voted out of power, then all Democrat primaries need to be opened to independents. See Wikipedia: Open primaries in the United States. And: Wikipedia: Blanket primary. And: Wikipedia: Nonpartisan blanket primary.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


Herbie.gif Whirling cannabis leaves.gif Global Marijuana March animated.gif

2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events


Categories[edit]

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