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Egypt. Cannabis-related links
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- Egypt’s Uprising has Link to Marijuana Prohibition | The NORML Stash Blog. By Cannabis Karri on February 8, 2011. See also:
- Wikipedia: Death of Khaled Mohamed Saeed.
- Wikipedia: File:Khalid-Saeed.jpg - especially its description.
- Commons: Category:Khaled Mohamed Saeed.
Hemp, cannabis, and medical cannabis in ancient Egypt
Emphasis added to quotes.
From Ethan B. Russo, "History of Cannabis and Its Preparations in Saga, Science, and Sobriquet," Chemistry & Biodiversity 4, issue 8 (2007): 1614-1648:
- Hemp fibers were found in the tomb of Amenophis IV (Akhenaten) at El-@Amarna, ca. 1350 b.c. and confirmed in two separate scientific analyses . Cannabis pollen has also been identified from mid-third-millennium b.c. soil samples from Nagada  and in geological strata of similar vintage in the eastern Nile Delta . More convincing yet is the finding of several pollen grains inside the mummy of Rameses II, who died ca. 1213 b.c. . A photomicrograph (p. 163) seems to confirm this assignation, and not that of hops, Humulus lupulus, a European species not identified in Ancient Egypt. Samples containing cannabis pollen from another mummy has also been documented , ca. 100 b.c., during the Ptolemaic era.
Cannabis was used medicinally starting much earlier in Egypt. See the original Egyptian documents and translations:
- From http://www.prntrkmt.org/herbs/cannabis.html is this:
"Cannabis is mentioned as a medication in the following ancient Egyptian medical texts: Ramesseum III Papyrus (1700 B.C.E.), Eber’s Papyrus (1600 B.C.E.), the Berlin Papyrus (1300 B.C.E.), and the Chester Beatty VI Papyrus (1300 B.C.E.). The Eber’s Papyrus is the oldest known complete medical textbook in existence. Most scholars believe that it is copy of a much earlier text, probably from around 3100 B.C.E."
From History of Cannabis. Ancient Egypt is this:
|According to Lise Manniche  (a more modern-day Egyptologist) the following Egyptian hieroglyphs [renderings of hieroglyphs] pronounced "shm-shm-tu" or shum-shum-met or "sm-sm-t"  literally translates into "The Medical Marihuana Plant." Mention of this medicine is made in the following Egyptian medical texts: