Portugal. Cannabis-related links
Full site / Mobile. To Top or End.
Share link: Portugal
See also: End drug war with universal healthcare and decriminalization. And: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.
Portugal decriminalized possession of drugs in 2001.
See also: Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal and Wikipedia: Healthcare in Portugal and Wikipedia: Health in Portugal. See: Wikipedia: Harm reduction. Google search: Portugal decriminalization.
There were around 106,800 US drug overdose deaths in the year ending September 30, 2022. 293 per day. Only around 30 to 55 per year in Portugal, a country with universal healthcare, and where all drugs have been decriminalized since 2001. See table of latest European overdose numbers by country here. Click "Current situation", and then the table icon to the right of "Gender". And for a timeline table click "Trends" and then: EMCDDA 'Selection B'.
- See cities by country on GMM map. See all cities (not just Global Marijuana March). See the yearly city and event lists for additional Facebook and other links.
- Do a search for event graphics and photos on this wiki (add city name).
Search for: event videos. And more.
GMM graphics and other event graphics.
City lists. Global Marijuana March, 420. Crowd photos.
Global Marijuana March Links.
Flat list: Event graphics & photos. Alphabetical.
-Category: Cannabis-related links.
Medical Cannabis Worldwide. (zoomable English map). And: Spanish.
-Commons: Category: Cannabis by country.
See: Google Translate. And: Firefox addon.
Add local or regional links
Drugs decriminalized in 2001
Portugal decriminalized possession of drugs in 2001.
- Youtube: Portugal’s Drug Laws: Decriminalisation in action. From Australia's Special Broadcasting Service. May 16, 2018. No one has been arrested for simple possession (under the limits) since drug decriminalization started in Portugal in 2001.
- 5 Oct 2020: Pointers From Portugal on Addiction and the Drug War. By Austin Frakt. New York Times. From article: "Wide disparity in drug overdose deaths between the United States (with a rising and staggering total of nearly 72,000 last year) and European countries like Portugal (which typically has well below 100 such deaths a year)." See: Latest US totals.
- 13 Oct 2019: Why Scotland can ill afford to ignore Portugal’s ground-breaking war on drugs. The Scotsman.
- 16 Jul 2019: Scotland's drug crisis: How Portugal's treatment of addicts halted death toll. Daily Record.
- 18 Jun 2019: Scotland's drug crisis: Why Portugal started treating addicts as human beings. Daily Record.
- 6 Feb 2018: Opinion. Eliminating criminal penalties for all drug use is a logical evolution of Canada's drug policy. Portugal decriminalized drug use years ago. Canada should follow suit. By Tom Shannon, for CBC News.
- 5 Dec 2017: Portugal’s radical drugs policy is working. Why hasn’t the world copied it? By Susana Ferreira. The Guardian.
- How to Win a War on Drugs. Portugal treats addiction as a disease, not a crime. By Nicholas Kristof. Sept. 22, 2017. New York Times
- Chart of the day: Drug overdose deaths per million persons. Can the US learn something from Portugal? By Mark J. Perry. July 9, 2017. AEIdeas.
- How Europe's heroin capital solved its overdose crisis. By Chris Brown. Apr 25, 2017. CBC.ca. "Goulao says 90 per cent of public money spent fighting drugs in Portugal is channeled toward those health-care goals — just 10 per cent is spent on police enforcement."
- In Portugal, Drug Use Is Treated As A Medical Issue, Not A Crime. By Lauren Frayer. April 18, 2017. Morning Edition.
- What We Can Learn from Portugal's Drug Policy. By Abigail R. Hall, Kaila Preston. March 3, 2017. Independent Institute.
- How decriminalizing drugs helped Portugal solve its overdose crisis. Portugal shares its views as part of our series, The Fentanyl Fix, solutions to B.C's overdose crisis. By Justin McElroy, CBC News. Feb 04, 2017.
- Portugal’s Example: What Happened After It Decriminalized All Drugs, From Weed to Heroin. By Samuel Oakford. April 19, 2016. VICE News.
- Portugal. Decriminalizing Drugs: When Treatment Replaces Prison. 8 Dec 2015, New York Times. By Tina Rosenberg.
- 14 Years After Decriminalizing Drugs, This Chart Shows Why Portugal’s Bold Risk Paid Off. By Zeeshan Aleem. June 9, 2015. Mic.
- Portugal decriminalised drugs 14 years ago – and now hardly anyone dies from overdosing. June 6, 2015 article by Chris Ingraham. The Independent. See: similar article in Washington Post.
- Drug laws around the world - does anyone get it right? By Georgia Graham, 30 Oct 2014. The Telegraph.
- 'This Is Working': Portugal, 12 Years after Decriminalizing Drugs. By Wiebke Hollersen, 27 March 2013, Spiegel Online.
- Portugal: Ten Years After Decriminalization. Drug reporter. Hungarian Civil Liberties Union (HCLU) Drug Policy Program. By sarosip on 26 November 2012.
- Portugal Decriminalized All Drugs Eleven Years Ago And The Results Are Staggering. By Samuel Blackstone. July 17, 2012. Business Insider.
- Ten Years After Decriminalization, Drug Abuse Down by Half in Portugal. By Erik Kain. July 5, 2011. Forbes.
- "Drugs in Portugal: Did Decriminalization Work?" By Maia Szalavitz. April 26, 2009. Time magazine.
- "5 Years After: Portugal's Drug Decriminalization Policy Shows Positive Results". By Brian Vastag. April 7, 2009. Scientific American
- White Paper: Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies." April 2, 2009. By Glenn Greenwald. Cato Institute.
- "The success of drug decriminalization in Portugal." March 14, 2009. Salon.com. By Glenn Greenwald. April 2, 2009 update.
|Chart from: 16 July 2019: Scotland has highest drug death rate in EU. . BBC News. Data is latest available at article publication. 218 deaths per million for Scotland in 2018. 217 for US in 2017. See also Table A6 on page 92 of the PDF for the European Drug Report 2019.|
- Google maps: Portugal.
- Google images: Portugal.
- Wikipedia: Portugal.
- Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal.
- Wikitravel: Portugal.
- Wikivoyage: Portugal.
Search: Wikipedia. Wikitravel. Wikivoyage.
CannabisVoter.info -- Vote for cannabis
- Cannabis news sources. And: Cannabis event lists and calendars.
- Drug Policy Organizations (from MAP). US cannabis organizations. And: Canada. State, province, nation from Area menu. Can also sort by topic. See advanced power search. It can search news, and it can Google search many organizations (choose one from menu).
- News Source Directory (from MAP). State, province, nation from Area menu. Or A-Z from Source menu. Google search MAP site for news, sources, topics, city, state, province, nation, organizations, etc..
- Marijuana Travel Database. Marijuana and travel reports, cities, countries, smoking laws, legality.
- WeBeHigh.org - Click "Travel Guides" button at top for continents. By U.S. state. And: Google site search.
- Marijuana Dispensary & Strain Reviews - Leafly.
- SmokeShops.com | Smoke Shops, Head Shops, Vape Shops, CBD Stores, Dispensaries.
- PotGuide.com | Comprehensive Guide to the World of Marijuana.
- LonelyCannabis.com - World's best cannabis travel guide.
- Facebook: Global Marijuana March. .
- European Coalition for Just and Effective Drug Policies. Wikipedia: ENCOD.
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Wikipedia: EMCDDA. See country overviews. And detailed info by country.
|More cannabis-related links.|
Please add more cannabis-related links of any kind to city, state, province, and country pages. See news. See Google News archives (for many years). See these links for searching for marijuana march videos. For events, web sites, concerts, groups, activism, bands, regional chapters, and more: Use these search links (add city, state, province, and country names): Google, Facebook, MeetUp.com, Wordpress.com, Blogspot.com (Google blogs), LiveJournal (2), Google Groups (2), and YouTube 2. Search for other words for cannabis such as marihuana (with an 'h'), maconha (Portuguese), etc.. Use Google translation to read text written in various languages. Search other social networking sites. Add chapter links (local, state, province, and country links) for various organizations. See: United States. Cannabis-related links. See Category: Cannabis-related links. See MAP: Drug Policy Links, and choose a state, nation, or province from the Area dropdown menu. See ENCOD.org (member organizations worldwide), INPUD (drug user organisations), Teapot Party (chapters), and more. Use Special:Search to search cannabis.shoutwiki.com site for specific cities, countries, and links for them. For example; see the detailed Global Marijuana March city lists to find local links from different years. See the city pages for Wikipedia links. The Wikipedia pages for cities also have media links. See: Media Awareness Project links. EMCDDA: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Wikipedia: EMCDDA. See country overviews. And detailed info by country. Marijuana Travel Database. Marijuana and travel reports, cities, countries, smoking laws, legality. WeBeHigh.org - Click "Travel Guides" button at top for continents. By U.S. state. And: Google site search.
Global Cannabis March. 420
Google site search no longer works well. It does not find all the yearly city lists containing a city name.
Special:Search works well. Click: "Global Marijuana March maps". Add city name to search, and state/province/nation as needed. This is an advanced search of main pages and templates. This will pull up all yearly maps in which the city is listed. Except for 2015, 2016, 2017, 2021 due to various problems. Putting quotes around multi-word city names helps focus the search: "New York City". This city, nation, or subnational area participated or signed up one year (or more) for the Global Marijuana March (GMM), Million Marijuana March (MMM), or 420. Cities and nations holding 4/20 events are also included in later years. Yearly maps. See: 420 and Global Cannabis March event lists by year. See: GMM links.
1035 cities have participated from 85 nations or subnational areas since 1999.
GCM/420 city lists and maps: ~ 1999. 2000. 220.127.116.11.5. 18.104.22.168.10. 22.214.171.124.15. 126.96.36.199.20. 21.22.23. Yearly event links in many cases will no longer be added to city pages due to the amount of work involved. Such links are found in the yearly city lists and maps. Graphics and crowd photos will also no longer be added to city pages in many cases. Graphics and photos can be found in this alphabetical flat list.
Return to top. 2023 GMM-420 and Mirror.
|To Top. Or News. Or Home. Or Articles.|
Full site / Mobile. To Top or End. News & 2022 GMM & Categories.
Cannabis is safer.
See articles: Cannabis is safer.
And: History of US Republican war on cannabis, and their lies about its health effects.
US Republicans &
- Return to top. See: Anti-cannabis conservative agenda. Keep 'em jailed, sick, stupid, oppressed, broke, and not woke.
US Republicans have led cannabis and drug wars worldwide. All to create 2nd class citizens who are blocked from many educational, job, and voting opportunities. Part of the conservative plan to concentrate wealth in fewer hands worldwide. USA. The state of the nation. After decades of Republican-led drug war, and their filibusters in the Senate.
- US Republican states. It's not just cannabis prohibition. Many maps. It's also their low minimum wages, etc..
- The US federal minimum wage would be $13.46 in 2022 dollars if its real value had remained at the 1968 level. Even more in 2023 dollars. See graph below. Note the low minimum wages in the Republican south in the map below. See Wikipedia: Republican states.
- Wikipedia: List of US states by minimum wage.
- Wikipedia: List of European countries by minimum wage.
Canadians are richer, healthier, and safer than Americans:
- A $15 minimum wage would cost jobs, right? Probably not, economists say.
- There’s More Evidence That Raising the Minimum Wage Won’t Cost Jobs.
- The U.S. has one of the stingiest minimum wage policies of any wealthy nation. Washington Post.
Global warming. Roswell
Return to top. Share link: Roswell UFO.
Roswell UFO craft and alien body retrieval was real according to U.S. Army officer Walter Haut. He signed affidavits to that effect in 1993 and 2002. Released in 2007 after his death in 2005. Video made in 2000. Released in May 2021. Much of the technology has been back engineered, and its carbon-free energy could end global warming. See Stephen Greer video.
Articles about Haut:
17 Aug 2021: “My father saw the bodies”: chasing the truth about Roswell. By James Jennings. Archived here.
5 June 2022: Roswell officer's deathbed confession about theory of alien cover up. By Declan Carey. Archived here.
14 May 2021: Ex-Army officer ADMITS he saw ‘alien the size of a 10-year-old child’ after famous Roswell UFO crash in incredible video. By Emma Parry. Archived here. This article has a short excerpt of the video.
May 2021: Roswell Officer Speaks From the Grave: Video Released, Confesses that Alien was "the size of a 10 year old". By Anthony Bragalia. Archived here. From article (emphasis added): "This video clip is part of a memoir video / oral history over two hours in length that covers many personal and professional aspects of Haut's life. The video was taken at the Roswell Museum in 2000 with friends Dennis Balthaser and Wendy Connors."
September 2007. Haut's Daughter Tells How Affidavit Came to Be. By Julie Schuster (his daughter). MUFON UFO Journal. Issue 473. Page 15. Dec 2002 affidavit is on page 14.
30 June 2007: Roswell officer's amazing deathbed admission raises possibility that aliens DID visit. By Nick Pope. Archived here.
2002 and 1993 affidavits. Archived here. Scroll down for the affidavits.
|To Top. Or News. Or Home. Or Articles.|
Full site / Mobile. To Top or End. News & 2022 GMM & Categories. 2023 GMM-420 and Mirror.