Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Featured photos. 

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Global Marijuana March animated.gif Share links: Porto Alegre. And: portoalegre. Local or regional cannabis-related links wanted. See more links here: Brazil. See cities by country on GMM map of all cities. See all cities (not just Global Marijuana March). See the yearly city and event lists for additional Facebook and other links.

Click for more Porto Alegre event graphics and photos.
2018 May 5.
2018 May 5.
2018 May 5.
2013 May 25. 2013 GMM.
2013 May 25. 2013 GMM.
2012 May 26. 2012 GMM.
2012 May 26.
2012 May 26.
2011 May 22. 2011 GMM.
2011 May 22.
2011 GMM. Brazilian cities.

Links[edit]

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Facebook:

More links:

Wikipedia: Cannabis by country.

Search for: marijuana march videos. And more.

Find GMM graphics and other event graphics. Global Marijuana March Links.
Flat list: Event graphics & photos. Alphabetical.
-Category: Cannabis-related links.
Medical Cannabis Worldwide. (zoomable English map). And: Spanish.
-Commons: Category: Cannabis by country.
See: Google Translate. And: Firefox addon.

Add local or regional links

Info[edit]

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Global Cannabis March. 420[edit]

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Google site search no longer works well. It does not find all the yearly city lists containing a city name.
Special:Search works well. Click: "Global Marijuana March maps". Add city name to search, and state/province/nation as needed. This is an advanced search of main pages and templates. This will pull up all yearly maps in which the city is listed. Except for 2015, 2016, or 2017 in which only countries were listed for the most part. Putting quotes around multi-word city names helps focus the search: "New York City". This city, nation, or subnational area participated or signed up one year (or more) for the Global Marijuana March (GMM), Million Marijuana March (MMM), or 420. Cities and nations holding 4/20 events are also included in later years. Yearly maps: 41 nations participated on April 20 and May 4, 2019, or thereabouts. 42 nations participated on May 5, 2018, or thereabouts. 42 nations participated on May 6, 2017, or thereabouts. 45 nations participated on May 7, 2016, or thereabouts. 43 nations participated on May 2, 2015, or thereabouts. 213 cities from 43 nations signed up for May 3, 2014 or thereabouts.
1035 cities have participated from 85 nations or subnational areas since 1999.

Global Marijuana March links
Dove cannabis earth.jpgCures not wars.jpgHerbie.gif Global Marijuana March animated.gif

GCM city lists and maps: ~ 1999. 2000. 1.2.3.4.5. 6.7.8.9.10. 11.12.13.14.15. 16.17.18.19.20.21. Yearly event links in most cases will no longer be added to city pages due to the amount of work involved. Such links are found in the yearly city lists and maps. Graphics and crowd photos will also no longer be added to city pages in most cases. Graphics and photos can be found in this alphabetical flat list.

2019[edit]

Return to top. See 2019 Global Marijuana March and 420 event map. And: 420 event lists.

2018[edit]

Return to top. See 2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events. And: 420 event lists.

May 5:

2017[edit]

Return to top. See 2017 Global Marijuana March and 420 events. And: 420 event lists.

May 6:

2014[edit]

Return to top. See 2014 Global Marijuana March and 420 map. And: 420 event lists.

May 17:

2013[edit]

Return to top. See 2013 Global Marijuana March map. And: 420 event lists.

GMM, May 25:

2012[edit]

Return to top. See 2012 Global Marijuana March map.

GMM, May 26:

Facebook:

2011[edit]

Return to top. See 2011 Global Marijuana March map.

GMM, May 22:

Gauchos held on Sunday afternoon the Marijuana March in the park of the Redemption, in Porto Alegre. At the beginning of the event, the Military Police estimated that about 300 people attended the meeting. However, according to Leonardo Günther, one of the organizers, the walk got to meet 2500 Protestants passing the avenue João Pessoa.

Günther says that all the protest took place peacefully, "unlike what happened in Sao Paulo." For him, Porto Alegre is an example of the protest for the legalization of drugs "is a peaceful movement and does not have violence because". "Porto Alegre said yes, you can make the march," he said.

The event, organized by the Collective Principle Activity, began with the presentation of a play and debate, when participants put forward their ideas. The road ran through the vicinity of the park and ended around 18:15.

2010[edit]

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See 2010 Global Marijuana March map. Porto Alegre: principioativo.rs(at)gmail.com or portoalegre(at)marchadamaconha.org http://principioativo.blogspot.com Arco do Parque da Redenção, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

GMM. May 8:

2009[edit]

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See GMM 2009, GlobalMarijuanaMarch.org archive, 2.

2008[edit]

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See 2008 GMM, GlobalMarijuanaMarch.org archive, 2.

Brazil 2008 GMM 9.jpg
There was repression in most Brazilian cities that tried to hold Global Marijuana March events in 2008:

  • Flickr search: [78].


2007[edit]

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See 2007 Global Marijuana March map. GMM: Twenty people met up in 2007.

2005[edit]

GMM:

---Email begins---

Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2005 15:58:47 -0300 (ART)
From: "Legalize Já!" <mmm_portoalegre"at"yahoo.com.br> [Substitute @ for "at"]
Subject: Porto Alegre - Legalize it!

Friends:

Yesterday (07/05/2005) [May 7, 2005], in Porto Alegre, we took the first step to the effective construction of the local anti-prohibitionist movement. During a cold and rainy afternoon we gathered, at the auditorium of the Central Academic Directory of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (DCE-UFRGS), about 70 people, most of them young people on their early 20's. The number outcame the expectations of the "organizers", due to the lame ad campaign done basically through the internet, and half a dozen posters.

The meeting begun at 15:30, with a brief report of the national and international anti-prohibitionist situation. Soon after, the debate was open. Since it was the first meeting, there wasn't an agenda, properly saying, and the debate was about several questions related to the problems lived by drug users, due the prohibitionist policy; violence; agression towards individual freedom(s); precariety and disrepect in health care services and education; lack of a quality control on consumed substances; barely inexistence of quality orientation to the user, about means to reduct risks and harms.

It was also discussed different perspectives about possible ways to lead the anti-prohibitionist movement. Should we go for legalisation or "descriminalization"? Should we go to mainstream press, or indie press? Should we fight for the production and selling get vinculated to the so called solidary economy nets, or should we embrace the neoliberal logic? Should we legalise only for personal use and personal plantation (private culture)? And so was the debate, free, making of this first encounter, above all, a moment of checking possible agendas that we'll follow through the next months.

By the end of the meeting, so that energy wouldn't be dissipated, we discussed strategies and directed efforts in order to guarantee the continuity of this movement. We established a few workgroups to discuss and elaborate a letter of principles, to get finantial aid, to elaborate a website and all the graphics designs of the movement. Also, was created a law comission, gathering mainly Law students, responsable to verify both drug laws, as other aspects that can guarantee that our fight won't be taken as an encouragement of the use of drugs, considered as a felony in our country. By the way, the composition of general meeting was completely heretogenic: Law, Social Sciences, Biology, Psichology, Arts and Pedagogics students, plus high schoolers, people related to the Public Health School of Porto Alegre (Escola de Saúde Pública de Porto Alegre), and many, many other people.

All workgroups should hurry their specific work, keeping in touch through an e-group that will be created for all the people who attended the first meeting. In a month, there will be a second meeting, and a key note speaker will attend, one that we'll choose after further discussion through our e-group. We'll also premiere a documentary that's being produced by Journalism students of UFRGS, that registered the meeting and collected statements of the people who were there.

I feel it was a golden beginning.

---Email ends---

President Eisenhower. 1953:[edit]

His 91% top marginal tax rate[edit]

Equaled prosperity for more.[edit]

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Eisenhower was not a socialist. He did not support state ownership of industries and businesses.
Eisenhower, an economically progressive Republican President, had a 91% top marginal income tax rate.. He participated in one of the greatest eras of economic prosperity-for-more in the US in the 1950s.
That era had lower overall taxes on the middle class.

There was a higher average effective tax rate on the top 1 percent of US households in the 1950s. It was 42% when totaling federal, state, and local taxes. In 2014 it was 36.4%. See chart below.
Federal, state, and local taxes. Average effective tax rate on top 1 percent of US households.gif


Chart below. See: Highest US marginal income tax rates over time.

Top US federal marginal tax rates. Timeline.gif
Above chart source. And: Source 2.

Chart below. Timeline of top US federal marginal tax rate.

Top US federal marginal tax rates.gif

Republican President Lincoln[edit]

Created first progressive[edit]

US federal income tax.[edit]

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Republican president Abraham Lincoln did not believe in state ownership of industries and businesses. So he was not a "socialist". Socialism was not well known at that time. See Wikipedia: Socialism.

In the United States, the first progressive federal income tax was established by the Revenue Act of 1862. The act was signed into law by Lincoln. It replaced a flat tax. See Wikipedia: Progressive tax.

Lincoln's economically progressive message below. What a contrast to today's far-right Republican leaders. From a message to the U.S. Congress, 3 December 1861:

"Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration."

Labor is prior to and independent of capital. Abraham Lincoln.jpg

More sources: [104]. The full speech. See: Facebook image.

Thomas Paine on the poor[edit]

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Thomas Paine statue below in Thetford, England. See: Paine Wikiquotes. Search for "poor" within those quotes. For example:

When it shall be said in any country in the world, my poor are happy; neither ignorance nor distress is to be found among them; my jails are empty of prisoners, my streets of beggars; the aged are not in want, the taxes are not oppressive; the rational world is my friend, because I am a friend of its happiness: When these things can be said, then may the country boast of its constitution and its government.

Paine was nothing like today's Republican Party.

Thomas Paine statue in Thetford, Norfolk, England. July 2004.jpg

Overpopulation = Warming[edit]

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Table of countries with higher rates of yearly population increases. Overpopulation equals less greenspace, more stress, more pollution, less biodiversity, less rainforests, fewer parks, more noise, more carbon dioxide, more global warming, higher seas, more frequent hurricanes, more climate change, more drought, more climate refugees, less resources, more poverty.

Many clueless Republican leaders deny it all. They also block free birth control, and simple single-payer, public-option healthcare without deductibles, copays, and premiums. Something that seniors, and everybody else with health problems, needs in order to work part time as one is able, and as an aging world needs.

So politicians worldwide need to work on that instead of trying to incentivize more babies. Truly universal healthcare costs less since it encourages more preventive care, and doesn't need big wasteful middleman health insurance bureaucracies. Healthcare should be completely separate from income level and workplace.

Immigration has to be limited. Economic justice has to happen instead. Countries need fair trade treaties and unions, and to even consider merging countries (or nearly so, as in the European Union). Economies of scale. As they have prospered birth rates have fallen in the European Union, Canada, Japan, Korea, and other peaceful, cooperative, and relatively more economically just areas. South and Central America have relatively higher birth rates. They are also generally more violent, and economically unjust. Africa and the Mideast are generally even more violent, economically unjust, and authoritarian.

And politicians need to incentivize more hempcrete construction, so that carbon levels go down.

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